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西(xi)藏4處濕地(di)被列入國際重(zhong)要濕地(di)名(ming)錄

時間: 2021年06月(yue)03日 來源(yuan): 西藏商報 作者(zhe):

背景色:

根據(ju)全國(guo)濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)資源第二次調查(cha)結果,西藏(zang)單塊(kuai)濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)面(mian)(mian)(mian)積8公頃(qing)以上(shang)的濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)面(mian)(mian)(mian)積652.9萬(wan)公頃(qing),占全區國(guo)土面(mian)(mian)(mian)積的5.3%,其中,自然(ran)(ran)濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)面(mian)(mian)(mian)積652.40萬(wan)公頃(qing),人工濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)面(mian)(mian)(mian)積0.50萬(wan)公頃(qing)。截至目(mu)前(qian),全區共(gong)建立濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)類型自然(ran)(ran)保護區15處、國(guo)家濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)公園22處(含試點),12處濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)列入(ru)國(guo)家重(zhong)要(yao)濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)名錄、4處濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)被(bei)列入(ru)國(guo)際重(zhong)要(yao)濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)名錄。

全區濕地類型豐富?濕地面積居全國第二

近日,自(zi)治區(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)林草局發(fa)布消息,根(gen)據(ju)全(quan)國(guo)濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)(di)(di)(di)資源第二(er)次調查結果,西(xi)藏濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)(di)(di)(di)面積居全(quan)國(guo)第二(er),濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)(di)(di)(di)類型豐富,是世界上(shang)特殊的(de)高原濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)(di)(di)(di)分布區(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)。其中,扎日南木措(cuo)濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)(di)(di)(di)、色林措(cuo)濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)(di)(di)(di)、麥(mai)地(di)(di)(di)(di)卡(ka)濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)(di)(di)(di)、瑪旁(pang)雍措(cuo)濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)(di)(di)(di)4處(chu)濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)(di)(di)(di)已被列(lie)入國(guo)際(ji)重(zhong)要濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)(di)(di)(di)名(ming)錄(lu),截至目前,全(quan)區(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)共建(jian)立(li)濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)(di)(di)(di)類型自(zi)然保(bao)(bao)護(hu)區(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)15處(chu)、國(guo)家濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)(di)(di)(di)公園(yuan)22處(chu)(含試點),12處(chu)濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)(di)(di)(di)列(lie)入國(guo)家重(zhong)要濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)(di)(di)(di)名(ming)錄(lu),以自(zi)然保(bao)(bao)護(hu)區(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)為主(zhu)體,國(guo)家濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)(di)(di)(di)公園(yuan)、國(guo)際(ji)重(zhong)要濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)(di)(di)(di)和國(guo)家重(zhong)要濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)(di)(di)(di)等(deng)多種(zhong)方式的(de)濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)(di)(di)(di)保(bao)(bao)護(hu)體系逐(zhu)步形成,全(quan)區(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)受保(bao)(bao)護(hu)濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)(di)(di)(di)面積達(da)449萬(wan)公頃,占全(quan)區(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)濕(shi)(shi)(shi)地(di)(di)(di)(di)面積的(de)68.75%。

“全區(qu)先后頒布實施了《西(xi)藏(zang)(zang)自(zi)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)區(qu)濕(shi)(shi)地保護條例》《西(xi)藏(zang)(zang)自(zi)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)區(qu)濕(shi)(shi)地認(ren)定和名錄管(guan)理(li)辦(ban)法(fa)(試行)》《西(xi)藏(zang)(zang)自(zi)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)區(qu)濕(shi)(shi)地公園管(guan)理(li)辦(ban)法(fa)(試行)》《西(xi)藏(zang)(zang)自(zi)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)區(qu)濕(shi)(shi)地保護修復制(zhi)度實施方(fang)案》等法(fa)規規章(zhang)和規范性文件,為全區(qu)依(yi)法(fa)依(yi)規保護管(guan)理(li)濕(shi)(shi)地資源提供了法(fa)制(zhi)保障。濕(shi)(shi)地類型(xing)自(zi)然保護地‘一區(qu)一法(fa)’工作取得(de)突(tu)破(po)性進展,截至目(mu)前(qian),瑪旁雍措、麥地卡等7處自(zi)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)區(qu)級以上濕(shi)(shi)地類型(xing)自(zi)然保護區(qu)以及紫曲河(he)、雅尼、嘎朗、朱(zhu)拉河(he)等4處國家濕(shi)(shi)地公園都出臺了詳(xiang)細的管(guan)理(li)辦(ban)法(fa)。”自(zi)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)區(qu)林草局(ju)相關負(fu)責人介紹。

濕地保護工程取得實效?使農牧民群眾從中受益

近年(nian)來,通過《西藏生態安全(quan)屏障保(bao)(bao)護(hu)(hu)與建設(she)規劃(2008~2030年(nian))》和中央財政(zheng)林業改(gai)革發展資(zi)金(jin),西藏共實(shi)施(shi)各類濕(shi)(shi)地(di)保(bao)(bao)護(hu)(hu)與恢(hui)復、濕(shi)(shi)地(di)保(bao)(bao)護(hu)(hu)補(bu)助(zhu)等(deng)工程項(xiang)目110余項(xiang),落(luo)實(shi)資(zi)金(jin)8.6億(yi)元(其中,生態安全(quan)屏障濕(shi)(shi)地(di)保(bao)(bao)護(hu)(hu)與恢(hui)復工程資(zi)金(jin)4.98億(yi)元、中央財政(zheng)林業改(gai)革發展濕(shi)(shi)地(di)補(bu)助(zhu)資(zi)金(jin)3.62億(yi)元),對(dui)60多(duo)萬公頃濕(shi)(shi)地(di)實(shi)施(shi)了管護(hu)(hu),對(dui)10多(duo)萬公頃濕(shi)(shi)地(di)開展了保(bao)(bao)護(hu)(hu)恢(hui)復。

拉(la)魯濕(shi)地(di)(di)(di)管理局副局長(chang)尼瑪(ma)多吉介紹,近年(nian)來,拉(la)魯濕(shi)地(di)(di)(di)通過一系列(lie)保護(hu)工程的(de)(de)實施,不僅改善了(le)(le)(le)拉(la)薩氣候,增(zeng)加了(le)(le)(le)空氣濕(shi)度和含氧量(liang),完善了(le)(le)(le)城(cheng)市防洪(hong)體(ti)系,提高了(le)(le)(le)地(di)(di)(di)下水位,同時濕(shi)地(di)(di)(di)內動植物(wu)(wu)種(zhong)(zhong)類(lei)和數量(liang)逐年(nian)增(zeng)加,水域(yu)面(mian)積擴(kuo)大了(le)(le)(le)約(yue)三分(fen)之一,主(zhu)要動植物(wu)(wu)種(zhong)(zhong)群(qun)和生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)資源(yuan)都(dou)得(de)到(dao)恢復和發展。從2015年(nian)在濕(shi)地(di)(di)(di)越冬的(de)(de)候鳥(niao)(niao)有4種(zhong)(zhong)6000余(yu)只,常年(nian)棲息在濕(shi)地(di)(di)(di)鳥(niao)(niao)類(lei)有21種(zhong)(zhong)約(yue)5000只,增(zeng)加到(dao)目前越冬候鳥(niao)(niao)6種(zhong)(zhong)15000余(yu)只,常年(nian)棲息的(de)(de)濕(shi)地(di)(di)(di)鳥(niao)(niao)類(lei)21種(zhong)(zhong)7000余(yu)只。

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